 ### Unified Theory Foundations

© Engineer Xavier Borg - Blaze Labs Research

Comprehensive list of scientific constants
for the Unified ST system of units

Slowly but surely, active minorities such as the string theorist and cosmologists have started to abondon the metric SI units in favor of systems which very indeed resemble the ST system of units being proposed here, which in a way can be considered a continuation of Planck's work. Powers of ten can be introduced to make the values more practical, and as I have already introduced in this system, conversion constants will be introduced to provide exact metric conversion for those who at first find it odd to measure everthing in terms of length and time. This kind of work does happen every not-so often in science, and we are reaching the point where science will come to a halt if we do not. Judging from his 1899 paper in which he proposed them, Planck actually seems to have exactly this idea in mind.

 Natural Length (S) (Gh/c3)1/2 = 4.051319933E-35m Natural time (T) S/c = 1.351374868E-43 sec Fine Structure constant a = 1/137.03599911 Free space kg conversion factor kF = kg:(T3S-3) = 2a(hc7/G)1/2 = 2.145340167E16 Quantum kg conversion factor kQ = kg:(T3S-3) = (hc7/G)1/2 = 1.469944166E18 Amp conversion factor j = Amp:(ST-1) = e/S = 3.954702562E15 Kelvin conversion factor k/k = 1.553848927E39 Radians conversion factor 2pi = 6.283185307

 Unified dimensions Dimensionless Physical constants ST to SI dimensionless conversion ratios

Unified dimensions

The unified ST system of units, as already described, is based on the two fundumental dimensions Space and Time. It may be argued that time can be defined in terms of space, in which case it becomes an extra space dimension, and our ST system unifies itself further into space dimensions. Some scientists do agree with this, some do not. A very detailed description of this is found in Relativity and dimensionality of the world. The problem of declaring time as a spatial dimension, with no other way to distinguish it from any one of the other three spatial dimensions, is that most units loose their physical interpretation, since our mind can never perceive time as length. It is important to understand that the actual values one decides to assign to these fundamental units are purely arbitrary. We selected the shown values in order to keep the equivalence of the conventional metre and second units in our ST system.

Dimensionless Physical constants

The most important of all dimensionless physical constants is the fine structure constant denoted by a whose value is NOT arbitrary and totally independent of the man made units selected. A dimensionless constant is a ratio of quantities. Even if we change the numerical values of the fundamental length, time, or any of the constants c,h,or G, the value a would remain unchanged. This is the value that makes our universe and physics laws the way they are.

Dimensionless conversion ratios

The ST to SI conversion ratios are necessary due to the huge redundancy of units in the present SI system. These ratios will convert between the ST values in metre and second units and the variety of SI units which we are used to. Conversion is not really necessary to work out any physics problem, its only use can be compared to changing a foreign currency value of money into your own currency. This would not be necessary if all people used the same currency, that is to say, if all scientists used the ST unified system of units.

How to convert between the two systems : Worked example

So, armed with our ST conversion table, which has proved itself over and over again, we are now in a position to PREDICT all physical constants, in both unified ST system of units and the messy SI system. As opposed to the SI system, all values shown above can be ASSIGNED to any precise value, suh as the ones shown. The 'error' or level of 'uncertainty' as we are accustomed to in the present SI system, becomes a thing of the past. That is, we can SET a value for natural S and T, and that would automatically set the rest of all parameters. Now, for the sake of clarity, I will explain how to work out such values using resistance as an example. Are you ready for this? Can you convert this reading to Volts?

Let's try to work out the constants for resistance. Since SI based quantum and SI based relativistic science are not unified in SI, mainly due to lack of knowledge on mass, we will have two types of SI constants for each fundamental physical parameter which invloves the SI kg unit, one is the free space value, the other is its quantum value. The ST system requires only one natural value for each parameter. Resistance is presently measured in Ohms, which in the SI system has units m2kg/sec3/Amp2. In the unified ST system, resistance is measured in sec2/m3 and has dimensions T2S-3. By simply plugging in the natural values of S and T, we will get the natural constant for resistance:

RST-Natural = T2S-3 = 2.746389015E17 sec2/m3

To convert this constant into the conventional SI system of units, you have to apply the conversion factors in order to convert from metres and seconds, into m2kg/sec3/Amp2. So, metres and seconds do not need any conversion, but we have to multiply by the kg conversion unit, and divide by the square of the Amp conversion unit. So we get:

RFreespace = RST-Natural * KF / j
RFreespace = 2.746389015E17 * 2.145340167E16 / 3.954702562E152
RFreespace = 376.7303135 m2kg/sec3/Amp2 or Ohms

Similarly, for the quantum constant for resitance, we do the same but apply the conversion factor KQ instead of KF

RQuantum = RST-Natural * KQ / j
RQuantum = 2.746389015E17 * 1.469944166E18 / 3.954702562E152
RQuantum = 25812.80745 m2kg/sec3/Amp2 or Ohms

You can recognise these two values as the Characteristic impedance of free space, and Von Klitzing constant RK-90. In a similar way, you can work out all physics constants and moreover, predict their values before they have been experimentally found! Below is the table of constants for all parameters which we know about, worked out in the way illustrated above. The same conversion factors kF, kQ and j, that we used in our resistance calculation, lead to the correct values of all other known constants, proving again that the ST conversion table is correct. Some of the derived constants have been discovered and are well known, while others have yet to be discovered, what we know for sure is that now we know the value of the constants before they have been discovered. All known constants agree perfectly with the predicted values.

The ST unified system constants converted to SI units

Parameter SI units ST Dims. Unified ST constant
converted to free space SI units Unified ST constant
converted to quantum SI units Remarks
Distance S m S 4.0513199E-35 4.0513199E-35 Planck length
Time t sec T 1.3513749E-43 1.3513749E-43 Planck time
Area A m2 S2 1.641319E-69 1.641319E-69 Planck Area
Volume V m3 S3 6.649510E-104 6.649510E-104 Planck Volume
Speed/ Velocity u m/s ST-1 299.792458E6 299.792458E6 Speed of light
Acceleration a m/s2 ST-2 2.218426E51 2.218426E51 Planck Acceleration
Force/ Drag F kgm/s2 TS-2 1.7664E42 1.2103E44 1.2103E44=Planck Force
Surface Tension g kg/s2 TS-3 4.3615E76 2.9884E78 Not yet discovered
Energy/ Work E kg m2/s2 TS-1 71.56085E6 4.903206E9 Grand Unification energy
Electron Volt eV kg m2/s2 T S-1 4.466477E26 3.060341E28 Grand Unification energy
Moment m kg m2/s2 T S-1 71.573E6 4.9041E9 See energy
Torque t kg m2/s2 T S-1 71.573E6 4.9041E9 See energy
Power P kg m2/s3S-1 5.2968E50 3.6293E52 Planck Power
Density r kg/m3 T3 S-6 1.1979E94 8.2080E95 Max Black hole density
Mass m kg T3 S-3 7.9636E-10 5.4565E-8 Not yet discovered
Momentum p kg m/s T2 S-2 0.2387 16.358 See magnetic flux
Impulse J kg m/s T2 S-2 0.2387 16.358 See magnetic flux
Angular Momentum L kg m2/s T2 S-1 9.670553E-36 6.626069E-34 Planck constant
Inertia I kg m2 T3 S-1 1.3067E-78 8.9530E-77 Not yet discovered
Angular velocity/freqw rad/sec T-1 4.6502E43 4.6502E43 Not yet discovered
Pressure/Stress P kg/m/s2 T S-4 1.0767E111 7.3770E112 Radiation pressure
Specific heat Capacity c m2/sec2/K S3 T-3 5.7814E41 3.9613E43 Not yet discovered
Specific Entropy m2/sec2/K S3 T-3 5.7814E41 3.9613E43 Not yet discovered
Resistance R kg m2/sec3/Amp2 T2 S-3 376.7303 25812.807 Freespace impedance
Von Klitzing constant RK-90
Impedance Z kg m2/s3/Amp2 T2 S-3 376.7303 25812.807 Freespace impedance
Von Klitzing constant RK-90
Conductance S s3 Amp2/kg/m2 S3 T-2 2.6544E-3 3.8740E-5 Free space conductance
Half of known conductance quantum
Capacitance C s4Amp2/kg/m2 S3 T-1 3.5871E-46 5.2353E-48 Not yet discovered
Inductance L m2 kg/s2/Amp2 T3 S-3 5.091038E-41 3.488278E-39 Not yet discovered
Current I Amp S T-1 1.18559E24 1.18559E24 Not yet discovered
Electric charge/flux q Amp sec S 1.60218E-19 1.60218E-19 Electron charge
Magnetic charge/flux f m2 kg/sec2/Amp T2 S-2 6.035885E-17 4.135667E-15 Not yet discovered
Magnetic flux density B kg/sec2/Amp T2 S-4 3.677459E52 2.519721E54 Not yet discovered
Coefficient of viscosity h kg/m/s T2 S-4 1.4543257E68 9.9647487E69 Not yet discovered
Magnetic reluctance R Amp2 sec2/kg/m2 S3 T-3 1.964236E40 2.866744E38 Not yet discovered
Electric flux density kg m4/sec2 ST 1.174542E-61 8.047727E-60 Not yet discovered
Electric field strength E m kg/sec3/Amp T S-3 1.1024745E61 7.5539348E62 Not yet discovered
Magnetic field strength H Amp/m T-1 2.926429E58 2.926429E58 Not yet discovered
Frequency f sec-1 T-1 7.399871E42 7.399871E42 Limit of EM spectrum
Wavelength l m S 4.0513199E-35 4.0513199E-35 Planck length
Voltage EMF V kg m2/sec3/Amp T S-2 4.466477E26 3.060341E28 Not yet discovered
Magnetic potential MMF kg/sec/Amp T2 S-3 1.489856E18 1.020820E20 Not yet discovered
Permittivity e sec4 Amp2 /kg/m3 S2 T-1 8.854187E-12 1.292243E-13 Permittivity of free space
Permeability m kg m/sec2/Amp2 T3 S-4 1.256637E-6 8.610226E-5 Permeability of free space
Resistivity r m3kg/sec3/Amp2 T2 S-2 1.526255E-32 1.045759E-30 Not yet discovered
Temperature T K T S-1 5.183082E30 3.551344E32 Planck Temperature
Enthalpy H kgm2/s2 T S-1 71.56085E6 4.903206E9 Not yet discovered
Conductivity s Sec3Amp2 /kg/m3 S2 T-2 6.551985E31 9.562429E29 Not yet discovered
Thermal Conductivity kg m /sec3/K S-1T-1 2.5218253E54 2.5218253E54 Not yet discovered
Energy density kg/m/sec2 T S-4 1.0761823E111 7.3737857E112 Not yet discovered
Ion mobility m Amp sec2/kg S4 T-2 2.7192689E-53 3.9686927E-55 Not yet discovered
Fluidity m sec/kg S4 T-2 6.8760389E-69 1.0035376E-70 Not yet discovered
Effective radiated power ERP kg/m/sec3 S-3 3.2263133E119 2.2106053E121 Not yet discovered
Gravitational Constant G m3/kg/s2 S6 T-5 4.573028E-9 6.674200E-11 Gravitational constant
Planck Constant h kg m2/sec T2 S-1 9.670553E-36 6.626069E-34 Planck constant
Young's Modulus E kg/m/s2 T S-4 1.0761823E111 7.3737857E112 Not yet discovered
Stefan Boltzmann constant E kg/K4/sec3 S T-4 1.3896940E-9 4.3202129E-15 =(15/2pi5) Stefan Boltzmann constant due to Riemann Zeta fn
Hertz volt relationship (Hz/V)Kj sec2Amp/kg/m2 S2 T-2 1.656758E16 2.417989E14 Half Josephson constant